Definition of different lie conditions
- Tee box: The tee box of the hole being played. It does not matter what club is used to tee off. This lie should be used for all tee shots, including par 3s and re-loads
- Fairway: The fairway and green-side fringe of the hole being played. Does not include fairway of a different hole. Can include the first cut of rough if it is narrow and not substantially different from fairway
- Sand: Includes all official fairway and greenside bunkers. Also includes any sandy waste areas
- Recovery: Any lie not on the fairway or green where the player cannot hit a ‘normal’ shot toward the hole. For example, in the trees with an obstructed swing or line.
- Rough: Any lie that cannot be categorised as any other lie. If it’s particularly deep – but not a ‘recovery’ lie – then use ‘Deep rough’
- Deep Rough: Rough that is deeper, but player can still hit a ‘normal’ shot toward the hole. If the rough is so deep that the player cannot hit a ‘normal’ shot at the hole, then use ‘recovery’.
- Green: Includes all shots on the green, whether or not a putter is used
- Penalty: Any penalty stroke other than ‘technical’ penalties.
Examples of ‘Recovery’ lie
A recovery lie should be whenever the player is in a situation where they cannot play a ‘normal’ shot toward the hole. For example:
- Trees are blocking swing or line toward hole
- Ball is in the trees and player needs to chip out
- Ball is in rough that is so deep they need to hit a shorter club to safely get the ball out
- Ball is in a fairway bunker and the player needs to hit a shorter club to get out, rather than hitting toward the green
- Ball is in greenside trees with tight lie. There is a clear line to the hole and nothing obstructing the players swing, but the player will need to hit over a bunker to a downhill green that runs out into water. Player decides to chip out sideways for a better line.
We’d categories this as a ‘recovery’ lie condition, since the player cannot hit a ‘normal’ shot toward the hole
Examples of lie types to use in different situations
- Hitting a second ball off the tee (e.g., first ball OB): ‘Tee’
- Ball is on the fairway of a different hole: Use ‘rough’. This is consistent with strokes gained benchmark calculations and ensures ‘fairways hit’ stat is correct
- Ball is putted from the fringe off the green: ‘Fairway’, whether or not putter is used
- Ball is in the first cut, just off the fairway: Use judgement to decide whether lie is more similar to “fairway” or “rough”. Often, we suggest use ‘fairway’ when the first cut is narrow (~1m)
Definition of ‘Distance’ to be recorded
The distance to be recorded is always the distance to the hole. The one exception is for longer tee shots and tee shots on dog-leg holes, you can use scorecard length for hole.
(You do not need to record distance to the centre of green, or distance to target, or distance that the ball travelled.)
Distance not required for penalty shots
No distance needs to be recorded for penalty shots. Penalty shots are covered in more detail below.
Units for measuring distance
All shots on green are always measured in feet.
You can choose to measure shots off the green in yards or meters (including putting from off the green).
How to accurately measure putt length in feet
Step it off. Calibrate how many feet per step is typical for you.
It’s very important for the player’s putting performance analysis that the length of putts inside 15 feet is measured as accurately as possible. For putts outside 15 feet, it is okay to measure to the nearest 1-2 feet.
Do not adjust distance to a ‘plays like’ distance
Distance should always be ‘actual’ distance to the hole. There should be no adjustment for elevation change, temperature, wind, air pressure, etc.
This ensures the recorded data is consistent with the benchmarks and between different players.